December 17, 1903 in the town of Kitty Hawk, in North Carolina, an American engineer Orwell Wright tried to fly constructed by him and his brother aircraft. The car has risen by several meters into the air and later 36.5 meters and 12 seconds again touched the ground.
Nevertheless, it was the first manned flight to fly a plane. Began the glorious era of aviation and space, which this year celebrates 100 years
It is difficult to find the area of human endeavor in which human life is so much would depend on the clock, as in aviation. Temporal characteristics are almost all parameters of flight: takeoff, climb, reaching the checkpoint, the goals, the task, speed, fuel consumption, lower, landing … And even the weather conditions vary by time of day.
Aircraft are extremely obliged to watch, because in the beginning of the century and until World War II, when there was no radio compass, radar, and the more devices GPS, pilots navigate in space, they say, by eye, and determined the approximate coordinates of the only wristwatch.
Largely due to hours was able to fly first July 25, 1909 through the English Channel, and live in the Louis Bleriot airplane of his own design Blerio XI. In his possession was the fuel for 40 minutes. He missed the 37. Again, just to watch Charles Lindbergh Longines oriented, co-dispensed on the Spirit of St. Louis for 21 and 22 May 1927 the first flight from New York to Paris.
On this he took 33 hours and 30 minutes. However, to be honest, he was guided not only by the hour. “I saw a flotilla of fishing boats, – recalled Lindbergh. – Dived, nearly hitting them and trying to shout over the noise the engine, and asked whether I’m flying to Ireland. “Hours non-stop flights to help the North Pole the crew of Valery Chkalov. And later to fight the best aces – Alexander Pokryshkin and Ivan Kozhedub, John Saylor, and Chuck Yeager Malanya, Hans-Ulrich Rudel, and Erich Hartmann. But the clock should be thankful for aviation. The first wristwatch appeared due aviator Alberto Santos friendship-Dumont and Louis Cartier.
In March 1904 the famous Brazilian jeweler executed the order, giving him a watch, which he could find out the time without removing hands from the steering wheel. Pilots are also intended founded in 1915 by Gaston Breitling, and the first wrist chronograph. Requirements for aircraft clock was originally presented with the highest. Not only that such a watch should be the course of high-precision, ideally they should not react to vibration, temperature changes, pressure surges and changing magnetic fields. Aviation tough challenges not only to the mechanism of hours, but also to the appearance. To read the most convenient time for flight hours had been worked out “instrumental” style. For this purpose, invented anti-reflective coating.
For 100 years, a characteristic appearance of aircraft hours – this chronograph with a bilateral anti-glare durable scratch-resistant glass, movable bezel, dial, contrasting with the large diameter easy to read and the blinding sun, and in the pitch darkness of the arrows, and time marking. And of course, this device requires high strength strap and a very great length, the pilot to fasten it to the top of the wrist cuffs flight jackets. And if you think that computerization has weakened the requirements for hours in the air, then you are mistaken. Avionics – that is, an electronic “stuffing” of modern aircraft – usually the first thing that goes down, attacked the enemy, or whether the plane was in a strongly electrified storm front. It was then, and come to the aid of good old wristwatch. Jets much more perfect than the former, but inferior to them in one – can not plan.
The cost of errors in timekeeping flight time has increased a million times. April 12, 1961 in the “navigators” in the space on the ship “Vostok 1” first went to Yuri Gagarin. With the conquest of near-Earth space began the history of the cosmic clock, which were presented, it would seem, simply impossible demands: the ability to withstand the vibration of the most powerful rocket engines during launch and maintain precision in conditions of weightlessness. These clocks were created.
That’s why so popular was the fact that only through the chronograph from Omega Speedmaster Professional man visited the moon. The fact that the July 16, 1969 shortly after the start of the lunar expedition on board Apollo XI spacecraft clocks are out of order. As a result, the crew was forced to manually timing of historical events. Neil Armstrong stepped onto the lunar surface in hours, tied on top of the suit: they were able to not only work in a vacuum, but also withstand temperature changes from – 100 to 120 degrees Celsius. Things that are parties or witnesses of historical events, over time, become of great value.
They are the pride of the owners and collectors hunt. No exception, and watches. The fate of the “navigators” Yuri Gagarin is still legendary. A owned by a member of the first lunar crew Omega was the victim of thieves. It is hardly less interest among collectors and cause replica – copy – famous models, limited edition. Over the years, these hours only added to the price. His aviaversii have almost all brands of hourly values of the world. In general, the collected air is extremely interesting to watch.
Hours CHRON04 not just beautiful. They are unbelievably beautiful! Well I know that the Swiss company Maison Eberhard & Co of La Chaux-ce-hour background pyubit surprising look at the world of the original classics. But this time they managed to look so familiar, seemingly a thing as a chronograph is really a revolutionary. Four additional dial lined in a row, like on the dashboard of a limousine.
The matter is that this story chasostroeniya did not know. Look at how aesthetically and functionally, they look – minute, two-hour and second counters CHRON04! Chrono-revolutionary CHR0IM04 everything else is also an esthete. Steel casing corresponds to silver dial and gold – black with gold hour markings. It is extraordinarily beautiful and inside, where the perfection of its parts, and stress patterns are 53 rubies. I have no words! Do you?